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CORE; Programme area: health; ID: 201040

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Project title: Green fuels and human health – toxicity of engine emissions from 1st and 2nd generation biodiesel fuels

 

Acronym: FuelHealth

 

Project Promoter: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Faculty of Mathematics and Science

 

Polish partners: The Warsaw University of Life Sciences; Automotive Industry Institute in Warsaw

 

Norwegian Partners: Institute of Public Health, Oslo

 

Project cost (EUR): 749 978

 

Grant amount (EUR): 749 978

Duration: 36 months

 

 

www: http://www.fuelhealth.eu/

 

 

Project summary:

The threat of global warming due to combustion of fossil fuels has increased the demand for fuel efficient engines favoring diesel cars and for introduction of more carbon-neutral, renewable fuels such as bio-fuels (BF). Currently BF are only used at low levels throughout Europe, but vision plans has been proposed to increase the shear of BF considerably in the near future. The potential health impact of new fuels and combustion technologies therefore need to be critically assessed before large-scale introduction. The project FuelHealth will assess the health effects of diesel engine emissions from the use of 1st and 2nd generation biodiesel. The project will also assess to what extent diesel particle filter (DPF)-technology may affect the toxicity of diesel engine emissions. The project involves three different approaches: physico-chemical characterisation of particulate and gaseous diesel emissions, in vivo inhalation studies in rats and in vitro cell culture studies. As 1st generation biodiesel, rapeseed methyl ester oil will be tested. As 2nd generation biodiesel Neste Oil NExBTL, a synthetic hydrocarbon fuel will be tested. Diesel engine emissions from these fuels, produced in presence and absence of DPF treatment will be physico-chemically characterized with respect to constitution of gaseous phase, particle numbers, particle size and chemical composition of the particle fraction in adhered organic constituents. Rats will be exposed in vivo by inhalation to diesel engine emissions. Tissue samples will be collected for bio-medical analyses. Simultaneously molecular mechanisms of toxic effects of particulate biodiesel emissions will be studied in different cell models in vitro.

 

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